Reference Resources

Statistical Sources

There are a number of sources for statistical information.  For sources of data for analysis see the Statistical and Data Sources guide.

Reference Resources in the J.D. Williams Library

The Reference Collection in located on the first floor of the Williams Library on the South side of the Commons.  In that collection you will find Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, Atlases, and Indexes.  Some important and heavily used titles are the New York Times Index, the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature, the Accountants Index, The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, the Encyclopedia of Social Work and Industry Norms and Key Business Ratios.  There is also a reference collection in the Science Library located in the Cochran Center.

These sources can be useful in clarifying a research topic, getting background information as you begin a project or defining terms/concepts in a subject area.

More and more reference titles are being published electronically and new reference materials are generally purchased in digital format.

There are two main online publishers on reference materials used in the UM Libraries.  These are listed below.  They both contain content covering most subject areas.

Credo Reference: Basic Search Box

Credo Logo

Search Gale Virtual Reference Library (eBooks)

Oxford English Dictionary

Search Oxford English Dictionary

Map Collections

In addition to the significant map and atlas collections available in the UM Libraries, there are also some digital map collections available via the Internet.