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French Revolution and Napoleonic Materials (including Louisiana Purchase and War of 1812) (Archives): Home

French Revolution and Napoleonic Materials

The Gentleman's Magazine/ The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Chronicle. 1731-1837. Bound editions of a London periodical that provide insight into eighteenth and early nineteenth century events and every-day life from a British perspective. The volumes from the 1770s until the 1810s include news and editorials regarding the American Revolution, writings of the Enlightenment Philosophes, events of the French Revolution and its wars, Napoleon, and the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy. Call number: AP4. G3

Hodding Carter, The Marquis de Lafayette: Bright Sword for Freedom. American biography of American Continental and French Revolutionary Guard general and statesman Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Montier-Marquis de Lafayette. Illustrations by Mimi Korach. Call number: DC146.L2 C28

Etinne Taillemite. La Fayette. French biography of American Continental and French Revolutionary Guard, general, and statesman--the Marquis de Lafayette. Call number: DC146.L2 T35 1989

Dynastic:

Anonymous, Essai historique sue la vie privee de Marie Antoinette d'Autriche, reine de France. "Historic Essay on the Private Life of Marie Antoinette of Austria, Queen of France." This anonymous work is a brief and skeptical biography of Marie Antoinette. This was written after the fall of the Bastille. Call number: DC137.1 E87 1789

Anonymous, Porte-feuille d'un talon rouge: contenant des ancedotes galantes & secretts de la cour de France. "Wallet of a Red heel: Containing Gallant Anecdotes & the Secret Course of France." This is an example of the printed criticisms of Marie Antoinette and the Royal Court's decadence and frivolous spending. The work is attributed to: "Lettre a milady St..." and Parisian authorities ordered copies of the first edition destroyed on May 13, 1783. Call number: DC236.A2 P67 1783

Marie Antoinette (possibly compiled by the Duchessof Polinac). Correspondence de la Reine avec D'illustres Personages. "Correspondence of the Queen with Illustrious Persons." Letters to and from the Queen, from noted historic individuals, such as Cardinal de Rohan, Italian mystic Count Cagliostro, Jeanne de Valois la Motte, the Duke of Luxemburg, and with the Duchess of Polignac. Rohan, Cagliostro, and Jeanne de Valois were implicated in the "Affair of the Diamond Necklace." Call number: DC137.1 A12 1790

A.A. Barbier, Le Gazetier Cuirasse, ou, Ancedotes Scandaleuses de la Cour de France. "The Armoured Gazetier, or, Scandalous Anecdotes of the Course of France." Call number: DC133.8 T42 1771

Antoine-Nicolas Dezallier d'Argenville, Voyage Pittoresque de Paris, ou, Indication de Tout ce qu'il y a de Plus Beau Dans Cetter Grande Ville en Peinture, Scultpure & Architecture. "Picturesque Trip of Paris, or Indication of All that There Is of a More Beautiful City in Paint, Sculpture, and Architecture." This dynastic travel guide provided visitors to Paris recommendations on where to go and what to see. John Adams utilized a similar edition of d'Argenville's Paris guide during his stay in France during and after the American Revolution. Call number: DC708 D39 1757

Jeanne de Saint-Remy de Valois La Motte, Memoires Justificatifs de la Comtesse de Valois de La Motte/ Ecrits par Elle-Meme. Account of the "Affair of the Diamond Necklace" by the recognized master-mind of the plot that unfairly scandalized Marie Antoinette and the Bourbon monarchy. Authorship of this book is questionable, despite La Motte supposedly receiving assistance when writing her memoir. The scandal involved a ring of conspirators who tricked Louis Rene Eduard-Cardinal de Rohan into purchasing an ostentatious and expensive necklace as a gift to Marie Antoinette in order to gain favor. Though the Queen did not want the necklace from the start, she was dismayed by the scandal while gossip circulated throughout France on the excesses of the Queen and the Royal Court. The scandal has long-since inspired novels, documentaries, and movies. Call number: DC137.5 L3 A3 1789

Mathieu Francois Pidanzat de Mairobert, Anecdotes sur Madame la Comtesse du Barry. A collection of stories and sayings related to King Louis XV's last mistress: Marie Jeanne Becu-La Comtesse du Barry. From humble origins, she obtained tremendous wealth and privilege when she became the mistress to Louis XV. Madame du Barry retained her extravagant lifestyle after his death in 1774. Despite her charity and critical opinion of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the Revolutionary Tribunal suspected her of helping Royalists flee France during the Reign of Terror and sent her to the guillotine. Call number: DC135 D8 M25 1776

Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimur, Comte de Rochambeau, Handwritten Letter from Count de Rochambeau to [His Excellency Governor Garrison] Williamsburg, Virginia, 26 June 1782. From the Skipwith Collection. A letter from Count de Rochambeau offering to lead French troops to New York alongside American forces in order to expel British troops from the city after Cornwalllis' surrender at Yorktown in 1781. Despite his service in the French Revolutionary army, Rochambeau very nearly became a victim of the Terror. The count's life was spared thanks to a jailer's oversight on the day he was to be guillotined. Napoleon later granted Rochambeau a pension for his military service to the Republic. On March 30, 2009, U.S. President Barack Obama signed the Public Land Management Act creating the Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route National Historic Trail. Location: SMMSS 77-4, photocopy Folder 16 and transcript Folder 46.

M. D'Roussel, Etat Militaire de France Pour L'annee 1782. "Military Rule in France for the Year 1782" is a listing of pre-Revolutionary French regiments and their officers. Several regiments listed in this volume saw action in North America and other locations during the American Revolution: Saintonge, Royal Deux-Pont, Walsh, Dillon, Bourbonnais, Touraine, Gatinais, d'Agenaise, d'Auxonne, de Lauzun, and de Metz. Call number: UA702 R68 1782

M. D'Roussel, Etat Militaire de France Pour L'annee 1789. "Military Rule in France for the Year 1789" is a listing of pre-Revolutionary French regiments and their officers. The military would be reorganized by the Revolutionary government, while many of the dynastic officers would either join the Revolutionary movement, or become victims and exiles. Call number: UA702 R68 1789

Pierre de Nohac, Marie Antoinette, Dauphine & Etudes sur La Cour de France: La Reine Marie-Antoinette/ par Pierre de Nolhac. Part of "Studies on the Course of France" series. Call number: DC137.1 N72 1924 & DC137.1 N72 1930

Claude Saint-Andre. Louis XV Intime. Biography of Louis XV whose reign was marked by a series of dynastic wars and the loss of the North American colonies after the Seven Years War. Louis XV's wars and opulent court drained France's treasury, leading to problems for Louis XIV's reign. Call number: DC134 S32 1925

Revolution:

Anonymous, Les Crimes Constitutionnels de France, ou La Desolation Francaise, Decretee par L'Assemblee Dite Nationale Consitutant, Aux Annees 1789, 1790 et 1791. Accepte par l'esclave Louis XIV, le 14 Septembre 1791. Anti-Revolutionary work: "Crimes of Constitutional France, Where Dissolution Was Proclaimed by the National Assembly Itself in the Years 1789, 1790 & 1791. Accepted by the Slave Louis XIV on 14 Septembre 1791." Call number: DC165.5 C75 1792

B. Le Marquis de, La France Avant and Depuis La Revolution: Moyens d'y retablir L'Ordre: Interet des Puissances a ce Retablissement. "France Before and Since the Revolution: How to Restore Order : Interim Power to Recovery." Call number: DC162 F73 1793

Phillipe Edme Coittant,  Almanach des Prisons, Ou, Anecdotes sue Le Regime Interieur De La Conciergerie du Luxembourg, etc.: Et Sur Differens Prisonniers Qui Ont Habite Ces Maisons Sous La Tyrannie de Robespierre, Avec Les Chansons. This small volume contains songs, poems, letters, and epitaphs by or related to those imprisoned and executed during the Reign of Terror under Macimillian Robespierre.  There is a final letter from Alexander Beauharnais to his wife- the future Empress of Grance, Josephine Beauharnais, as well as to his son and daughter. (Though Josephine later married Napoleon Bonaparte, they had no children together. Alexander & Josephine's children, along with several of Napoleon's siblings, continued the Bonaparte dynasty and are ancestors to many modern European royal households). The almanac also features satirical anti-Revolutionary and Terror lyrics set to the Marseilles, the poem "Danton at the Edge of Stix" and an epitaph of Maximillian Robespierre after his downfall and prompt execution. Call number : HV 8532 F8 C65 1794

Charles Lacretelle, Precis Historique de la Revolution Francaise. Directoire Executif; par Lacretelle Jeune. Volumes I & II. "Precise History of the French Revolution, [for] the Board of Directors; By Young Lacretelle." This two volume work is a chronicle of the French Revolution written nearly two years after the coronation of Napoleon. Lacretelle traces the Revolution up to 1799. Call number: DC176 L2 1806 v. 1 & 2

G. Lenotre, Guillotine et les Executeurs des Arrets Criminels Pendant la Revolution: D'Apres des Documents Inedits Tires des Archives de L'Etat. Lenotre's comprehensive history of the guillotine documents its use from the Revolution to the late 19th and early 20th Century. The book contains many primary sources including writings by Dr. Joseph Guillotine, a history of the Sansons family who served as Paris' hereditary executioners, and revolutionary and 19th century laws and policies concerning the use of the guillotine as a method of execution. Call number: HV8555 G58 1907

G. Lenotre, Le Drame de Varennes: Juin 1791 D'Apres des Documents Inedits et les Relations des Temoins Oculaires. "The Drama of Varennes: June 1791, from Unpublished Documents and the Relations of the Eyewitnesses." A history of the royal family's escape from Paris on 20 June 1791 and apprehension shortly before reaching the royalist stronghold of Montmedy. The royal family's failed attempt to flee Paris was seen as a treasonous act by the Revolutionary government, who feared that Louis XVI would rally scattered Royalists and solicit foreign powers to suppress the Revolution. Call number: DC170. L46 1906

G. Lenotre, Les Fils de Phillippe-Egalite Pendant La Terreur. "The Sons of Phillippe-Egalite During the Terror." The writings of several eye-witnesses to the French Revolution, compiled by "Phillippe-Egalite", post-Naploeonic King Louis Phillippe of France. Call number: DC268 L46 1907

National Assembly and Poncelin de La Roche-Tilhac, Courier Francais...Assemble Nationale. No. 57-78. Bulletins chronicling the events of the newly created National Assembly in August 1789. Call number: DC140 C68 no.57-78

National Convention, Decadaire Francais Pour L'an II de la Republique: Commencant le 22 Septembre 1793 et Finissant le 22 Septembre 1794. "French Calendar/Almanac for the Year II of the Republic:  Beginning September 22, 1793 and Finishing September 22, 1794." An almanac composed in accordance with the decrees of the National Convention. Call number: DC140.5 D43

Prophetic Conjectures on the French Revolution and Other Recent and Shortly Expected Events. London: W. Button, 1793; reprint, Philadelphia: William Young, 1794. This English evangelical tract is a compilation of writings attributed to several influential sixteenth, seventeenth, and early eighteenth century theologians, including John Knox and Archbishop James Ussher, in order to demonstrate the French Revolution's role and fulfillment of Biblical prophecy. SMMSS 79-8 (1 folder).

Louis Marie Prudhomme, Revolutions de Paris Dediees a La Nation et Au District des Petits Augustins.  Volume 1-10. A weekly account of the Revolution beginning in 1789 and ending in 1794. Call number: DC140 R55 v.1-10

Louis de La Vicomterie de Saint-Samson. Les Crimes des Rois de France: Depuis Clovis Jusqu'a Louis Seize: Augmentee des Derniers Crimes de Louis XVI/ Par Louis Lavicomterie; Avec Cing Gravures. "The Crimes of the Kings of France, Even Louis XVI, the Increase and Last Crimes of Louis XVI." Call number: DC36.6 L35 1792

M. Thierry, Le Voyager a Paris: Extraits du Guide des Amateurs & des Etrangers Voyageurs a Paris. Call number: DC729 T45 1790

Napoleon:

Anonymous, Almanach des Girouettes; ou, Nomenclature d'une Grande Quantite de Personnages Marquans Dont La Versatilite d'Opinions Donne Droit a l'Ordre de la Girouette: Avec Leurs Ecrits en Parallele. This "almanac" chastises the contenders for the throne of France at the end of Napoleon's reign and the Bourbon Restoration. Call number: DC145 A44

Certificate for Bravery to Captain Felix LaBauve Issued by Napoleon and Signed by the Ministers of the French Republic. Captain Felix LaBauve, Sr., father of Felix LaBauve, Jr., who became DeSoto County Mississippi's pioneer newspaper journalist, civic leader, and philanthropist, was born in 1741. Captain LaBauve served in the dynastic French Army in Algiers and in the American Revolution. He participated in the Yorktown Campaign under Rochambeau, and later served in the Revolutionary French Army. LaBauve Sr. received an officer's commission in October 1793, serving as captain in the 28th Regiment of Infantry with distinction against the Russians in 1806. In recognition of his service, Napoleon awarded him a presentation sword and made him a recipient of the Legion of Honor. Framed Items Annex No. 54/48. Please request at least two days prior to your visit to Archives and Special Collections.  Finding aid for Felix LaBauve Collection available (1 box).

Norval Richardson, Mother of Kings. Biography of Napoleon's mother, Letizia Bonaparte. After Napoleon became emperor, he bestowed royal titles to eight of his siblings. Several modern European royal houses can trace their ancestry back to Letizia Bonaparte. Call number: DC216.9 R5

Charles Rosner, Writing on the Wall: 1813-1943. A World War II era work compiled from Napoleonic broadsheets, cartoons, and prints meant to compare Napoleon to Hitler from a collection bequeathed to the University of Oxford by the Marquess Curzon. Featured broadsides and illustrations focus on the invasion threat directed against Britain in 1798-1803, the French Egyptian venture, Napoleon's invasion of Russia, and the "United Nations" of 1813. Call number: DC203.4 R6

Captain Antionio Lopez de Fonseca Suasso, A Treatise on the British Drill and Exercise of the Company with an Introduction of the Field Exercise of the Battalion Explaining the Different Posts and Situations of Every Individual in the Battalion During the Performance of its Movements. This 1814 British Drill Manual was compiled by Captain Antonio Suasso. Suasso served in the 99th Regiment of Foot-Prince of Wales' Tipperary Regiment during the Napoleonic wars. U.M. Archives and Special Collections' copy is inscribed by the author to a General Sir David Dundas, 1st Baronet. Call number: UD234 T74 1814

War of 1812

Dunbar Rowland, Miltary History of Mississippi. Reprinted from part five of the Official and Statistical Register of Mississippi (1908). Beginning in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase, the first chapter includes the Burr Expedition, creation of the first Mississippi military units, the Creek Indian Wars, and the War of 1812. Call number: F341 R867

Mrs. Dunbar Rowland, Mississippi Territory in the War of 1812. Reprinted from Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society. Includes rosters of Mississippi territorial battalions and regiment in the War of 1812. Call number: F341 R884

Mrs. Dunbar Rowland, Andrew Jackson's Campaign Against the British, or The Mississippi Territory in the War of 1812, Concerning the Military Operations of the Americans, Creek, British, and Spanish, 1813-1815. Call number: F341 R883

Louisiana Historical Association and Works Progress Administration, Battle of New Orleans [Map 52x108]. Lists defenses, routes, and troop positions. Based on Latour original from 1815. Prepared for WPA for proposed Chalmette National Park. Map Number 144.

D.G.W. Ricketts, Surveyor's Drawings of the Battlefields of December 8, 1814 and January 8, 1815 -- Battle of New Orleans. [Maps 54x23 and 34x20] A surveyor's drawing of the battlefield of December 3, 1814 (LaCoste & Villere Plantations) and January 8, 1815 (Chalmette Plantation). Part of the D.G.W. Ricketts Collection. Identifies terrain features. Map number 163.

Louisiana Purchase and Napoleonic Legacy:

Thomas Jefferson, A Topographical and Statistical Account of the Province of Louisiana: Containing a Description of its Soil, Climate, Trade, and Produce...&c... Together With New and Interesting Particulars, Relative to the Indian Tribes: To Which is Annexed, a Copious Preference; and, the Recent Conventions, Between the United States, and the French Republic/ Compiled by Different Individuals, Possessed of the Best Information, and From the Documents Communicated to Congress, by the President. Call number: F374 T6

Major J. Lowenstein, Official Guide to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition at the City of St. Louis, State of Missouri, April 30th to December 1, 1904, by Authority of the United States of America. Compiled by M.J. Lowenstein. Issued by Authority of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Call number: T860 A1 S2

Map Collection.  Includes a 1728 reprint of a French map of the Natchez area identifying forts and settlements (Map #266); copies of 1729 French colonial maps of New Orleans (Map #215); a circa 1732 French reproduction map of Mobile Bay and Coast; and undated French colonial maps of the Mississippi River and Bay St. Louis (Map # 196).

Southern Military Manual, Containing all the Confederate Military Laws, Articles of War, Army Regulations, Field Artillery, Mahan's Treatise on the Effects of Musketry and Artillery, and the Means of Directing the fire as to Obtain the Best Results; Hardee's Manual of Arms, Fully Illustrated. Military Ordinances of Louisiana and Mississippi; uniforms; Military Maxim of Napoleon I; Health Hints for Volunteers, etc. This military manual prepared for Mississippi troops at the onset of the Civil War, not only features writings of prominent antebellum military authors such as William Joseph Hardee and William Mahan, but it also includes Napoleon's quotes regarding his military principles. It is difficult to overlook Napoleon's influence on American Civil War commanders. Generals such as George B. McClellan, P.G.T. Beauregard, and Earl Van Dorn tried to follow Napoleon's martial doctrines, as well as emulate the Emperor's distinctive appearance while commanding their own armies. Call number: U113.5 C6

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